Conservatorships and Liquidations (2024)

Conservatorships:From time to time, the National Credit Union Administration places a credit union into conservatorship in order to resolve operational problems that could affect that credit union’s safety and soundness.Conservatorship means the NCUA has taken control of the credit union.During a conservatorship, the credit union remains open; members may transact business; and accounts remain insured by theNational Credit Union Share Insurance Fund. For federally chartered credit unions, the NCUA takes this action on its own; in the case of a state-chartered credit union, the state supervisory authority initiates the conservatorship and in many cases appoints the NCUA as agent for the conservator.

Conservatorships can have three outcomes:

  • The credit union can resolve its operational problems and be returned to member ownership;
  • The credit union can merge with another credit union; or
  • The NCUA can liquidate the credit union.

Liquidations:Liquidation means a credit union has been closed; however, a liquidated credit union may be purchased — and members, assets, and loans assumed — by another credit union, so that members will be able to continue receiving financial services. If a credit union is placed into liquidation, the NCUA’s Asset Management and Assistance Center (AMAC) will oversee the liquidation and set up an asset management estate (AME) to manage assets, settle members’ insurance claims, and attempt to recover value from the closed credit union’s assets.

An AME holds the assets of a failed institution. Commonly administered by AMAC, to which the NCUA Board has delegated statutory authorities providing broad supervisory and management powers over the credit union's assets and operations. These powers include the ability to facilitate funding and disposition of assets. Also known as a liquidation estate.

If the member shares are not assumed by another credit union, all verified member shares are typically paid within five days of a credit union’s closure.

No member of a federally insured credit union has ever lost a penny in insured accounts.

Conservatorships and Liquidations (2024)


What happens to credit unions if banks fail? ›

No. Credit unions are insured by the National Credit Union Administration (NCUA). Just like the FDIC insures up to $250,000 for individuals' accounts of a bank, the NCUA insures up to $250,000 for individuals' accounts of a credit union.

What is the process of liquidation of a bank? ›

Liquidation is the process of permanently closing a bank and its branches, selling off any assets and using the proceeds to settle as many of the bank's remaining liabilities as possible. Typically, customer accounts are closed and checks are mailed to account holders for the amount of their insured deposits.

How long does NCUA have to pay you back? ›

If the member shares are not assumed by another credit union, all verified member shares are typically paid within five days of a credit union's closure. No member of a federally insured credit union has ever lost a penny in insured accounts.

What happens if a credit union goes bust? ›

If your bank is insured by the FDIC, or your credit union is insured up the NCUA, then those organizations (government corporations) will pay you the value of your accounts at the time the bank went into bankruptcy - up to $250,000.

Is my money safe in a credit union if the economy crashes? ›

How your money is protected. Money deposited into bank accounts will be safe as long as your financial institution is federally insured. The FDIC and National Credit Union Administration (NCUA) oversee banks and credit unions, respectively. These federal agencies also provide deposit insurance.

Are credit unions safer from collapse than banks? ›

However, because credit unions serve mostly individuals and small businesses (rather than large investors) and are known to take fewer risks, credit unions are generally viewed as safer than banks in the event of a collapse.

What are the consequences of liquidation? ›

The liquidator will decide if the business should continue trading so it can be sold as a going concern. If the business is closed, your employment will end. If you have lost your job, you can file a claim in the liquidation if you are owed any salary, wages, holiday pay or redundancy.

What are the three types of liquidation? ›

4 types of liquidation of a company
  • Partial liquidation. A partial liquidation is when a company sells only some, not all, of its assets and remains operational in some capacity.
  • Complete liquidation. ...
  • Voluntary liquidation. ...
  • Compulsory liquidation.

What are the three stages of liquidation? ›

What are the three different types of liquidation?
  • Creditors' Voluntary Liquidation. ...
  • Compulsory liquidation. ...
  • Members' Voluntary Liquidation (MVL) for solvent companies.

What is the NCUA 72 hour rule? ›

A federally insured credit union that experiences a reportable cyber incident must report the incident to the NCUA as soon as possible and no later than 72 hours after the credit union reasonably believes that it has experienced a reportable cyber incident.

Which is safer FDIC or NCUA? ›

One of the only differences between NCUA and FDIC coverage is that the FDIC will also insure cashier's checks and money orders. Otherwise, banks and credit unions are equally protected, and your deposit accounts are safe with either option.

Are credit unions safe from collapse? ›

Like banks, which are federally insured by the FDIC, credit unions are insured by the NCUA, making them just as safe as banks. The National Credit Union Administration is a US government agency that regulates and supervises credit unions.

Which bank is least likely to go bust? ›

Summary: Safest Banks In The U.S. Of April 2024
BankForbes Advisor RatingLearn More CTA text
Chase Bank5.0Learn More
Bank of America4.2
Wells Fargo Bank4.0Learn More
1 more row
Jan 29, 2024

Are US credit unions in trouble? ›

National Credit Union Administration (NCUA) credit unions had seven conservatorships/liquidations in 2022 and two so far in 2023. While credit unions have experienced several failures in 2022, there were no Federal Deposit Insurance Corp.

What is safer a bank or credit union? ›

Just like banks, credit unions are federally insured; however, credit unions are not insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC). Instead, the National Credit Union Administration (NCUA) is the federal insurer of credit unions, making them just as safe as traditional banks.

Will the banking crisis affect credit unions? ›

The NCUA insures depositors' funds up to the same threshold as the FDIC, $250,000. Just like banks, deposits above the $250,000 mark at credit unions are uninsured, But unlike banks, credit unions do not have the same level of risk exposure to the factors that took down SVB and other troubled lenders.

Are credit unions being affected by banking crisis? ›

Beverly Anderson , president and CEO of $29.2 billion-asset Boeing Employees Credit Union in Tukwila, Washington, said the crisis highlighted the fact that credit unions saw little stress from members, and in some cases, credit unions in close proximity to some of the failed banks saw net gains in members and deposits ...

Are credit unions protected from collapse? ›

Experts told us that credit unions do fail, like banks (which are also generally safe), but rarely. And deposits up to $250,000 at federally insured credit unions are guaranteed, just as they are at banks.

Are credit unions as likely to fail as banks? ›

bank in a recession, the credit union is likely to fare a little better. Both can be hit hard by tough economic conditions, but credit unions were statistically less likely to fail during the Great Recession. But no matter which you go with, you shouldn't worry about losing money.


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